30 Impressive archaeological sites in Mexico – Part 1
The cultural richness of Mexico
Certainly Mexico is a country full of natural wealth, but also has a history permeated with culture. From the Maya to the Olmecs, these groups have left their architectural legacy for our learning, delight and admiration. Join us on a photo tour through 30 of the 187 archaeological sites open to visitors in Mexico:
1. Teotihuacán is the name given to one of the largest cities in Mesoamerica during the pre-hispanic era. Here, in the State of Mexico, lies one ot the largest temples in Mexico, the Pyramid of the Sun.
2. Cobá is a Mayan wonder in Quintana Roo. It is one of the largest Maya cities and the temple of Nohoch Mul is the tallest in the Yucatan Peninsula. Furthermore, this is one of the few pyramids where you can still climb and the view from the highest point is amazing.
3. The Tajin is the most important pre-hispanic Mesoamerican city of the north coast of the state of Veracruz and the city with the most ball games courts: 17.
4. The great Calakmul, located in Campeche. Translated from the Maya means “Two Adjacent Monticules” name that refers to the two large structures that dominate the jungle. Calakmul was named by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site a few years ago.
5. Edzná, also in Campeche is one of the most interesting Mayan cities ever discovered because of its technological advances. This city had numerous religious, administrative and residential buildings spread over an area of approximately 15 square miles.
6. Bonampak in Chiapas, is known worldwide for the murals found in it. In fact, Bonampak is a Mayan word meaning “painted walls” or “stained walls” very important resources for the comprehension of the Mayan society.
7. Tulum or the Great Wall, originally called Zamá which means sunrise, is perhaps one of the most beautiful archaeological sites in Mexico. It is located on the Caribbean Sea in the state of Quintana Roo.
8. Toniná, in the state of Chiapas, was occupied at different times by different cultures: Olmec, Maya, Teotihuacan and Toltec.
9. Yaxchilan, located near the Usumacinta River in Chiapas, was one of the most important Mayan cities of the classic period.
10. Paquimé is located in the state of Chihuahua, in a region known as the Oasisamérica. From the Paquimé culture is famous the prehispanic settlement for its constructions made of mud and its doors with a “T” form.
11. Tollan-Xicocotitlan, known in Nahuatl as Tula in the state of Hidalgo, was the capital of the Toltec state that developed in central Mexico during the early post-classic period of Mesoamerica.
12. “In the place of the house of flowers” better known as Xochicalco in Morelos arose after the abandonment of Teotihuacan. The relief of the feathered serpent in the temple of the same name suggests influence of the Teotihuacan and the Maya.
13. Founded by the Zapotec, Monte Albán was for a long time home to the dominant power in the region of the Central Valley of the state of Oaxaca.
14. Chichen Itzá was a ceremonial center in Yucatan that went through various construction and influence periods. The pyramid of Kukulcán, maya god, is considered one of the New 7 Wonders of the World.
15. Palenque in Chiapas, along with Tikal and Calakmul became one of the most powerful cities of the Maya. Home to one of the most remarkable dynasties were Pakal belongs.